LESSON 10: REPEATS, INTRO'S AND ENDINGS
A repeat sign is a sign that indicates a section should be repeated. If the piece has one repeat sign alone, then that means to repeat from the beginning, and then continue on (or stop, if the sign appears at the end of the piece). A corresponding sign facing the other way indicates where the repeat is to begin.
You will find intro bars in most tunes and songs. These intro notes will be played at the very start of the tune and as part of bar 4. That's why bar 4 only have 3 beats instaed of 4.
1st and 2nd endings
When a repeat calls for a different ending, numbered brackets above the bars indicate which to play the first time (1), which to play the second time (2), etc. These are called "first-time bars" and "second-time bars," or "first and second endings."
Many times the composer will want to repeat a passage of music exactly as it was played the first time, with the exception of the final few measures. In this case, the composer will use First and Second Endings.
When first and second endings are used, the musician plays the music once, including the measures in the first ending, then repeats back to the opening repeat sign (or to the beginning of the piece, if there is no opening repeat sign). He then plays the music a second time, and upon reaching the first ending, skips those measures and goes right to the second ending. Read and listen to the following example.